Bacteria and biofilm
Bacteria that are normally found in water like to attach to the walls of water cups, vessels and pipes. The bacteria provide nutrition and energy by breaking down organic substances found in the water, and this allows them to multiply. When the bacteria get stuck on the vessel walls, they begin to form a carbohydrate-rich mass (glycocalyx) around them as protection. It is this layer that we call biofilm, rich in microorganisms and difficult to remove.
The bacteria are generally harmless, but the structure of the biofilm means that even disease-causing bacteria (pathogens) can get stuck and grow. The growth of bacteria also means that bacteria are released to the rest of the water system.
The biofilm gives the bacteria better protection against common disinfectants, but Anolytech Anolyte pH breaks down the biofilm and kills the microorganisms. In addition, the biofilm is the “glue” that makes precipitated iron and lime stick to the walls in water cups and pipes. When dosing Anolyte pH into the drinking water, all biofilm is usually removed within a month.
Anolyte pH contains Hypochlorous acid, HClO, or hypochlorous acid (Hypochlorous acid) and is a weak acid that is formed when chlorine is dissolved in water. It can not exist in pure form but only as a solution in water.
The hypochlorous acid produced by Anolytech’s system is extremely effective in killing bacteria, viruses, spores and fungi. Hypochlorous acid is made up of a hypochlorite ion (negatively charged) and a hydrogen ion (positively charged) and together they form a neutral compound.
It is, among other things, hypochlorous acid that our white blood cells produce when they attack bacteria, viruses, etc.
Hypochlorous acid attacks proteins in the cell membranes of microorganisms and destroys them so that the cell breaks down and dies.
Thanks to the direct mechanism of action, it does not matter if the bacteria are resistant or multi-resistant to antibiotics.